In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of advanced procedures, which is used to overcome the fertility issues and assist couples to conceive and have a child. During this procedure, mature eggs are retrieved from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in an advanced IVF lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) are transferred to a uterus. One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Medications increase the number of mature eggs a woman can produce at a single time. Doctors can evaluate each developed embryo to determine which ones are most likely to result in pregnancy.
IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. Or if there is a problem in eggs or sperm then IVF can be done with eggs, sperm or embryos from an anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier (GC), also called a surrogate is an arrangement where a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple (intended parents). Chances of having a baby using this procedure depend on many factors, such as your age and the cause of infertility.
Overall, IVF can help some patients experience pregnancy and parenthood who otherwise would not be able to. This includes couples struggling to conceive due to ovulatory problems, body structure issues or any other cause of infertility.