Nosebleeds or epistaxis, can be quite scary but are not usually indication of anything serious. This involves bleeding from one or both the nostrils. It generally sustains from a few seconds to 1 minute. Front and back of our nose contain several blood vessels that are quite delicate.
Nosebleeds can be categorized into two types, anterior and posterior. Anterior nosebleed takes place when the frontal blood vessels of nose break whereas posterior nosebleed occurs in the backward portion of nose. Posterior nosebleed involves flowing of blood through the throat and can be therefore quite dangerous.
Most nosebleeds don’t require medical attention. However, you should seek medical attention if your nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes, or if it occurs after an injury. This may be a sign of a posterior nosebleed, which is more serious.
Causes of nosebleed
Nosebleed can take place due to various reasons out of which, dry air is the most commonly observed. A dry environment causes dryness in tissues inside the nose that are also known as nasal membranes. Further, this dryness becomes a reason for crusting inside the nose leading to itching and irritation. Generally in due to this irritation, patient scratches his nose that causes bleeding.
Apart from the above, there exist several other causes of nosebleeds as well that majorly include;
Heavy doses of aspirin
Nasal injury of any kind
Picking in nose
High blood pressure
Nosebleeds that take place after an injury may signify skull fracture, broken nose or any other severe nasal damage.
Treatment of nosebleeds depends upon their type. Anterior nosebleed takes place in the frontal area of nose, usually through nostrils. This is not so serious and can be handled effectively by sitting up and squeezing the softer portion of nose.
Lean down forward keeping your nostrils closed and breathe through your mouth. Repeat this for 8-10 minutes and monitor your bleeding accordingly. If the bleeding remains, repeat this exercise for another 10 minutes.
Besides this, a nasal spray or decongestant can also be used. If you are unable to control bleeding on your own, visit your doctor as soon as possible as it may be a sign of posterior bleeding that requires proper medication.
Posterior nosebleed, being more serious and dangerous than anterior nosebleed involves flowing of blood through the back of nose, down the throat. It should not be treated at home.
For treating persistent and frequent nosebleeds, cauterization is used.
AHRI Gwalior provides the best treatment for nosebleeds. Under the leadership of two highly experienced and well-qualified ENT specialists Dr. SR Agarwal and Dr. Rahul Agarwal, the team stands the best in the city. Then ENT vertical at AHRI Gwalior has an extremely qualified squad of professionals with years of knowledge to satisfy all ear, nose, neck and head-related healthcare requirements. The vertical in its best capacity utilizes all the technological advancements and aims to facilitate its patients with utmost care.